Christianity in India

Discover the Fascinating History of Christianity in India: A Guide for Christian Youth Pastors and Curious Believers

As Christians, we know that our faith spans across the globe and has a rich history in countries that may surprise us. One such country is India, where Christianity has a long and fascinating history.

Christianity in India

In this article, we will provide an introduction to Christianity in India, including its history, communities and denominations, challenges and opportunities, and influence on Indian culture and society.

Whether you’re a Christian youth pastor looking to teach your congregation about Christianity around the world or simply curious about the faith’s impact in India, we invite you to read on and learn more.

An Introduction to Christianity in India

Introduction to Christianity in India

As a Christian youth pastor, it is crucial to educate our young members about the diverse practices and beliefs within the Christian faith around the world. One such example is Christianity in India, which has a unique history and culture that sets it apart from other countries.

Christianity was first introduced to India by St. Thomas, one of Jesus’ disciples who arrived on Indian shores in 52 AD. Since then, Christianity has spread across different regions of India through various missions and evangelists.

The majority of Indian Christians belong to two major denominations – Catholicism and Protestantism. The Catholic Church in India has its roots traced back to St. Francis Xavier’s arrival during the Portuguese colonization period whereas Protestant churches have their origins with British missionaries who came during colonial times as well.

Christianity coexists with other religions like Hinduism, Islam, Buddhism as well as tribal religions practiced by indigenous people throughout different parts of the country.

Despite religious diversity being prevalent in many regions across india , Christians continue playing an integral role within society contributing positively towards education , healthcare services etc .

It’s important for us all – regardless if we are believers or not-  to acknowledge this rich cultural heritage while appreciating how much there is still left for us all understand when it comes down understanding how religion shapes our lives both positively & negatively

The History of Christianity in India

The history of Christianity in India is a fascinating and complex story that spans over 2,000 years. It began with the arrival of the Apostle Thomas on Indian shores in AD 52, who established a Christian community in Kerala. From there, Christianity spread throughout India through various means such as trade routes and missionary efforts.

During colonial times, European powers such as Portugal and Britain brought their own versions of Christianity to India. This led to clashes with local traditions and practices, resulting in syncretic forms of Christianity like Syro-Malabar Catholicism or Mar Thoma Church.

Despite facing persecution at times from both Hindu nationalists and Islamic forces throughout its history, Christianity has continued to thrive in India. Today it is estimated that there are over 28 million Christians living across India’s diverse regions.

As Christians around the world seek to understand their faith’s global impact beyond Europe or North America-centric narratives often taught today; exploring the rich tapestry of Christian history within non-Western contexts can provide valuable insights into how faith interacts with culture worldwide.

For young people growing up within religious communities seeking deeper understanding about how their faith fits into larger contexts beyond mere personal belief; studying these histories can offer an opportunity for reflection on what it means to be part of a broader spiritual tradition rooted deeply within cultural experiences outside one’s own background.

Christian communities and denominations in India

Christianity in India is a diverse and dynamic faith tradition that has been shaped by centuries of interactions with other cultures and religions. From the ancient Christian communities of Kerala to the vibrant Pentecostal churches in urban centers, Christianity in India takes on many different forms.

One unique aspect of Christianity in India is its denominational diversity. There are several major Christian denominations represented, including Roman Catholicism, Protestantism (including Anglicanism), Orthodox Christianity (including the Malankara Syrian Orthodox Church), and independent African-American churches like Seventh-day Adventists.

Each denomination brings its own distinct theological perspectives and practices to Indian Christianity. For example, Roman Catholics emphasize sacramental worship through rituals like Masses and Confession while Protestants prioritize individual Bible study as a means for spiritual growth.

Despite this diversity, there is also a sense of unity among Indian Christians who share common beliefs such as Jesus Christ’s divinity, salvation through faith alone, baptism by water or spirit for believers only.


As young Christians around the world seek to learn more about their faith traditions beyond their local context it is important to recognize that Indian Christians have an invaluable story worth exploring. Their struggles against religious persecution from both Hindu extremists as well as radical Islamic groups highlight how much courage & conviction stand at the core of what it means to be a follower of Jesus Christ regardless where one lives around this planet Earth!

Challenges and Opportunities for Christians in India

The challenges and opportunities facing Christians in India are both complex and nuanced. On the one hand, there is significant discrimination against Christians in certain areas of the country. This can take many forms, from physical violence to social ostracization.

At the same time, however, there are also opportunities for growth and outreach within India’s diverse religious landscape. In recent years, Christianity has been gaining ground among young people who are seeking a more inclusive and tolerant spiritual path.

As Christian youth pastors, it is our responsibility to educate ourselves about these challenges and opportunities so that we can effectively communicate our faith to others. We must be aware of the cultural context in which we operate while remaining true to our core beliefs.

One way that we can do this is by partnering with local organizations that work towards promoting interfaith dialogue and understanding. By building relationships with members of other religions, we can help break down some of the barriers that prevent people from embracing Christianity fully.

In addition to these external challenges and opportunities facing Christians in India today, there are also internal ones related to personal growth as believers. We must constantly strive towards deepening our own faith through prayerful study of scripture as well as engaging with fellow believers through regular fellowship meetings or Bible studies groups.

Ultimately though it may seem like an uphill task for us but by relying on God’s grace alone will enable us overcome any challenge thrown at us as His faithful followers here on earth!

The influence of Christianity on Indian culture and society

The influence of Christianity on Indian culture and society is a fascinating topic that deserves deeper exploration. As a Christian youth pastor, I have seen firsthand the impact that Christianity has had on communities throughout India.

One of the most significant ways in which Christianity has influenced Indian culture is through education. Missionaries who came to India in the early days of colonialism established schools and universities, providing access to education for those who previously did not have it. This legacy continues today as many prominent educational institutions in India are run by Christian organizations.

Christianity has also brought about social change, particularly with regards to women’s rights and caste discrimination. The message of equality preached by Jesus Christ challenged traditional Hindu beliefs about social hierarchy and helped pave the way for greater gender equality in Indian society.

Furthermore, Christianity has had an impact on art and literature in India. Many famous writers such as Rabindranath Tagore were influenced by Christian themes, while artists like Raja Ravi Varma incorporated Christian imagery into their work.

While there have been challenges along the way – including tensions between Christians and Hindus – overall I believe that Christianity has made a positive contribution to Indian culture and society. Through its emphasis on compassion, service, and love for others regardless of their background or status, it offers hope for a brighter future for all Indians regardless of creed or ethnicity.

As Christians around the world seek to share their faith with others from diverse cultures like those found throughout India today we can learn much from this rich history so full if eclectic influencers over time!


Christianity in India is a multifaceted and ever-evolving religion, with many unique histories, communities and denominations. While there are challenges along the way for Christians in India, there remains great potential for growth and influence on Indian culture as well.
If you want to further explore how Christianity is impacting the lives of people living in India today or if this article has piqued your interest about what it means to follow Jesus Christ within an Indian context then join our newsletter for more resources!