christian countries in europe

Discovering Christianity in Europe: A Historical Overview and Contemporary Perspective

As Christians, we are called to spread the good news of the gospel to all corners of the earth, including Europe. Christianity has a rich history in Europe, with many countries adopting it as the official religion. In this article, we will delve into the world of Christianity in Europe, taking a closer look at the introduction of the religion, its historical overview, major Christian countries, traditions, and practices, and the future of Christianity in Europe.

christian countries in europe

Whether you are a young Christian looking to deepen your understanding of the faith, or a seasoned believer hoping to expand your knowledge of Christianity around the world, this article is for you. So, without further ado, join me on this journey as we embark on an exploration of Christianity in Europe.

An Introduction to Christianity in Europe

Christianity has a rich and complex history in Europe. From its early beginnings to its current influence on culture and society, the religion has played a significant role in shaping the continent.

One of the earliest events that helped spread Christianity throughout Europe was the conversion of Emperor Constantine. This event marked an important turning point for Christianity, as it moved from being a persecuted faith to one that was widely accepted by those in power.

Throughout history, various Christian denominations have emerged within Europe, each with their own unique traditions and practices. The Catholic Church dominated much of European religious life until Martin Luther’s Protestant Reformation challenged many of its core beliefs and practices.

Today, Christianity remains an integral part of many European countries’ cultural identities. Many ancient cathedrals still stand as testaments to centuries-long devotion to this faith.

As Christians around the world continue to learn about their shared heritage, understanding how Christianity developed throughout Europe is crucial for gaining insight into how it continues to shape our modern world today. By examining these historical roots with fresh eyes through new lenses such as technology or philosophy we can ensure that this powerful message will endure for generations yet unborn.

An Historical Overview of Christianity in Europe

As Christians, it is important for us to understand the historical roots of our faith in Europe. Christianity arrived on the continent in the early centuries AD and quickly spread throughout what is now modern-day Europe.

The Roman Empire played a significant role in early Christian history as Christianity was recognized as an official religion by Emperor Constantine in 313 AD. From there, missionary work began to flourish across Europe with notable figures such as St. Patrick and St. Augustine playing crucial roles.

During the Middle Ages, European Christianity became divided into two major branches: Roman Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy. This division occurred due to theological differences between Western and Eastern Christian leaders.

In the Renaissance era, many reformers emerged who sought to return back to biblical principles rather than being tied down by traditional church doctrines that had become corrupted over time.

The Reformation period brought about significant changes within European Christianity with Martin Luther leading a movement against Catholic indulgences which ultimately led him towards creating his own branch of Protestantism which later became known as Lutheran Church – one of many denominations that exist today across various countries worldwide including America where it has gained popularity especially among African Americans because they feel represented by its doctrines regarding social justice issues like racism or poverty alleviation efforts (e.g., Black Lives Matter).

Overall, understanding how our faith has evolved over time can help us appreciate its rich history while also providing insight into contemporary challenges faced by Christians around world today such political polarization or economic inequality amongst different regions/countries globally e.g., Brexit impacts UK’s relationship with EU which may affect religious freedom & tolerance issues for minorities therein).

Major Christian countries in Europe

Europe has been home to many Christian countries throughout history, with each nation holding a unique cultural and religious background. From the Mediterranean coast to the North Sea, Europe boasts an array of countries that have played significant roles in shaping Christianity around the world.

The first major Christian country in Europe is undoubtedly Italy. As the seat of Catholicism and home to Vatican City, Italy remains one of the most influential nations for Christians worldwide. The country’s rich history includes countless saints and martyrs who laid down their lives for their faith.

Another prominent Christian country in Europe is Spain. With its deep-rooted Catholic heritage, Spain has produced numerous saints such as St Teresa of Avila and St John of The Cross while also being a hub for missionary work during colonial times.

Germany too holds great significance when it comes to Christianity as it was where Martin Luther began his reformation movement which led to Protestantism spreading throughout Northern Europe including England which became predominantly Anglican after breaking away from Rome under King Henry VIII

Lastly but not leastly France stands out having played hostess 2 large Marian apparitions- Our Lady Of Lourdes And Our Lady Of Fatima- both attracting millions from all over every year seeking spiritual solace.

As Christians around the world look back at European history with admiration, these nations continue inspiring others towards deeper faith through modern-day movements such as ecumenical dialogue or charitable works carried out by youth groups across borders – demonstrating how they can still make a difference today despite changing times!

Christian traditions and practices in European countries


Christian traditions and practices vary greatly across European countries, each with its own unique history and cultural influences. From the grand cathedrals of Spain to the humble chapels of Ireland, Christianity has left an indelible mark on Europe’s religious landscape.

One of the most significant Christian traditions in Europe is Easter. In Greece, for example, Holy Week culminates in a midnight mass on Easter Sunday that involves lighting candles and exchanging greetings of “Christos Anesti” (Christ is risen) with fellow worshippers. Meanwhile in Italy, it’s customary to eat lamb on Easter Sunday as a symbol of Christ’s sacrifice.

Another important tradition is Christmas. In Germany, Advent begins four weeks before Christmas Day and involves lighting candles each week until all four are lit on Christmas Eve. On this day families gather around their decorated trees to exchange gifts while enjoying traditional foods such as Stollen or Lebkuchen.

Across Europe many Christians also observe Lent which lasts for 40 days prior to Easter Sunday – fasting from certain foods or habits while reflecting upon one’s faith journey during daily worship services.

Overall these customs have been passed down through generations serving as reminders about how people live out their faiths even through tough times; all play vital roles within communities helping them work together towards shared goals centered around God’s love for humanity – truly remarkable facets within Christian cultures worldwide!

The future of Christianity in Europe

The future of Christianity in Europe is a topic that has been widely discussed and debated in recent years. As Christian youth pastors, it’s important to understand the current state of Christianity in European countries and its potential impact on our mission to teach about Christianity around the world.

According to recent studies, there has been a decline in religious affiliation across Europe over the past few decades. This trend is particularly evident among young adults who are increasingly identifying as non-religious or spiritual but not religious. However, this does not necessarily mean that faith is disappearing altogether.

In fact, many experts predict that while traditional forms of religion may be declining, spirituality and alternative forms of belief are on the rise. This presents an opportunity for Christians to adapt their approach towards evangelism by emphasizing personal experience and individual journeys with Christ rather than relying solely on institutionalized practices.

It’s also worth noting that some European countries still have significant Christian populations – such as Poland which remains one of the most devoutly Catholic nations in Europe – indicating that faith can still thrive even amidst secularization trends.

Ultimately, we believe that despite these challenges facing Christianity in Europe today there is hope for its continued growth and renewal through innovative approaches towards evangelism coupled with a deep commitment to building authentic relationships within communities both inside and outside church walls alike.


Christianity is a major religion in Europe, spanning back to the early days of the continent’s history. It has been embraced by countries throughout the region and various Christian traditions and practices are found in many European nations. Today, it continues to be one of the most influential religions across Europe with all countries having an impactful presence. To explore more about Christianity in Europe, its traditions and practices as well as possible signs of what’s ahead for this faith across relevant European nations – we invite you to join us on our upcoming journey!