Jesus Christ, also known as Jesus of Nazareth or Jesus of Galilee, was the religious leader revered in the Christian faith. The followers of Jesus Christ are called Christians. Today Christianity is one of the world’s largest and major religions.
It has a large number of followers, including a large number that follows the Roman Catholic Church. There are also many followers of the Eastern Orthodox Church as well as the Protestant Churches. The Deity of Christianity is God, and Christians regard Jesus as God’s incarnation and follow the path he preached.
Jesus is one of the most influential people in history. Today around 2 billion people follow his teaching and consider Christianity as their religion. It is more than the followers of any other religion or worldview.
Jesus’ life events are known today as they are well documented. In fact, not only his life but also his death and resurrection are written in the books of the bible Mark, Luke, John, and Mathew. These books consist of the Gospels. The account of Jesus’ last few days on earth and his ascension to heaven is documented in the Acts bible book.
History of Jesus’ Birth
Jesus Christ was born to Mary and Joseph around 6 B.C.E In Bethlehem. Mathew 2; Luke1:5 states that this was shortly before the death of Herod the Great. Joseph was Jesus’ Father but only in the legal sense, as Mary was a virgin when Jesus was conceived.
Mathew 1:19 and Luke 1:35 state that Mary was with the child from the Holy Spirit. It was said that Joseph was a carpenter by profession, and once Jesus grew up, he also became a carpenter. Jesus’ neighbors in Nazareth also called him “the carpenter, the son of Mary and brother of James, Joses, Judas and Simon.
In the early years of Christianity, Jesus was also called Jesus Christ. This is the name also found in the Gospel of John, and according to the book, it was a name Jesus gave himself during a prayer. The word Christ was a title, which means the “anointed” or “messiah.”
Jesus was baptized by John the Baptist when he was a young adult, after which he became a healer and preacher. Jesus started propagating in his 30s and had a short-lived public career. His career, which lasted for nearly less than a year, received considerable public attention.
It is estimated that in 30 CE observed, Passover in Jerusalem. As stated in the Gospels, he was received with triumph upon his entrance to Jerusalem. Soon after, Jesus was arrested and tried, and then executed. Jesus’ disciples soon after started spreading his message, which led to the new religion of Christianity.
Gospels and Historical Accounts of Jesus
Gospels consist of eye-witness testimonies of the apostles of Jesus. The apostles were people who knew Jesus well. Twelve of Jesus’ closest apostles spent three years travelling with him. They heard his teachings, watched him heal people, and met him after he miraculously rose from the dead.
Texts written by historians who were not Christian at that time also exist, giving us insight into Jesus. These non-Christian historians include a Jewish man Josephus, the Roman senator Tacitus, and Suetonius. Many were present at the time who also gave their accounts of Jesus to the writers of the Bible.
This includes those who heard Jesus’ teachings during his lifetime and those who Jesus healed.
In the Bible, Jesus is referred to as more than simply a man. In the book, Jesus has often referred to God as his father. Therefore, Christians believe that Jesus was God’s son and was God himself. Within the teachings of Christianity, God exists in three forms.
These three forms are the father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. This concept is similar to how water can exist in three separate forms: liquid, steam, and ice. All three forms have separate forms but are the same thing.
Christians also view Jesus as an intermediary. They believe he is a human being’s route to God. In the book of the Bible, John, Jesus says that he is the truth and the right way.
Following him can one reach the father. This also showed that following Jesus’ path was not just for one’s lifetime but was for all of eternity.
Prediction of Jesus’ Birth
Jesus’ birth was predicted to occur around 4BC by several ancient Hebrew writers. Devout and true Jewish believers awaited the arrival of the Messiah, the man who would guide the Jewish people to freedom and greatness once again.
There was not much information about Jesus’ life before 30 years of age when he began travelling and preaching outdoors and in synagogues. The bible does give one account of when Jesus was 12 years of age. He visited a temple in Jerusalem and surprised religious teachers with his vast knowledge and understanding of religion.
Period of Ministry
Events listed within the Bible tell us that Jesus was not propagating for a very long time before his crucifixion. Several accounts in the Bible suggest that Jesus spent the most time propagating in the area around Galilee.
He treated the poor with kindness; he avoided luxury and engaged in conversation with non-believers. At times, he also clashed with Jewish leaders as some of them doubted that he was the Messiah.
While propagating, Jesus warned his people of the end of times and predicted how the time would be plagued with war, earthquakes, and famines. At times, large crowds also followed Jesus, hoping he would cure their sick, the Gospel says.
The Gospel also claims that Jesus’ disciple Judas betrayed him by dealing with Jewish religious leaders. He agreed to get Jesus arrested in exchange for money. After Jesus’ arrest, he was brought to Pontius Pilate, the Roman governor of the region, and was put to trial, after which he was crucified.
The date of Jesus’ crucifixion is not entirely certain. There are accounts in the Gospel that indicate that Jesus’ crucifixion happened during Passover, a Jewish holiday in springtime. Another point to note is that Pontius was the governor around 26-37 AD, so Jesus’ crucifixion could have occurred in between that period.